The Basic Process of DIY PCB Fabrication

Designing a simple printed circuit board or PCB for your own personal use is not that difficult. Making one would require a bit more effort, but the process is still pretty easy to follow.

Unlike processes used by big PCB manufacturing companies, the DIY or do-it-yourselfPCB fabrication procedure is more streamlined and the materials you will be using are available at your local hardware.

The first thing you have to consider when trying to create your own PCB is the etching process that you will be implementing. There are four common types of etching butfor DIY PCB fabrication, two methods are recommended and they are acid and UV etching. The other two types, mechanical and laser etchings, are used in large-scale PCB fabrication as they require special devices and machines for them to be implemented properly.

PCB fabricationAfter you have decided whether to use the acid or UV process, it is now time to proceed to making your own PCB. In the step-by-step procedure below, you can find how each process is used so will know how to do both.

Here is the basic process of DIYPCB fabrication:

1. Make the layout of your PCB circuit using computer-aided design (CAD) software. Gone are the days when creating a PCB design was drawn manually. These days, designing is simply done with a computer whose output can be printed accordingly.

2. Prepare a substrate board encrusted with a thin layer of copper on one side (for single-sided PCB) or on both sides (for double-sided PCB) depending on your design.

3. Wash the board with water to make sure that it is free of dirt and dust. Let it dry for a few minutes.

4. If you chose acid etching, print your CAD layout on glossy paper and place it on top of the substrate board. Make sure that you printed your design in the proper orientation as to not reverse your layout.

5. Iron the paper on the copper surface of the substrate board for a few minutes until it sticks firmly.

6. After that, dip the whole board with the joined paper design in hot water for at least 10 minutes. This will soften the paper so you can remove it easily.

7. Pick up the board from the water and gently peel the paper. You should be left with the substrate board imprinted with your PCB design.

8. The next step is dangerous so you should put on a pair of goggles and a face mask.

9. Pour the acid etchant in a large, deep, and non-corrosive container. The most acid used in this process is ferric chloride. Immerse the whole substrate board into the acid and mix every five minutes until all the unwanted copper is etched away.

10. When you see that it is done, lift up the board with plastic tongs and wash it immediately with running water for a few minutes. Make sure that no copper residue is left in the substrate for it to work better.

11. Smoothen it out with a fine sand paper for best quality.

12. If you chose the UV etching process, follow the acid etching process except that instead of using a clothes iron and ferric chloride for etching, simply place the joined printed design and copper-coated board into a UV etching chamber. Turn on the UV machine and set it to the indicated time before taking it out. You will see that your PCB is already perfectly etched afterward.

UV etching is simpler and easier but the actual UV machine may cost you a lot. Acid etching is still the most economical way of making PCB at home. One just have to be careful and wear the proper protective equipment when handling dangerous chemicals.

A Guide to Managers: Employee Engagement Activities

As a manager, one of your greatest challenges is to engage your employees more. Don’t despair if your employee engagement efforts are still not enough — think of it as an opportunity to achieve long-term commitment from your team. Below is a list of employee engagement activities that you can start right away.

  1. Allow your employees to be involved in the business planning process. Every six months, present to your employees the crucial issues and concerns that must be addressed immediately. Allow your employees to plan ahead, assess opportunities, and think of solutions and improvements.
  2. Come up with a sharing system for ideas and knowledge. One of the setbacks of high employee turnover percentage is the loss of valuable information. Establish a mentorship and learning program wherein an experienced employee will be paired with a newly hired employee. A learning framework must be in place and followed.
  3. Encourage your employees to share their skills and knowledge creatively. Assign a team to share their key learning points and project updates to the entire department. Make it a creative and fun session. There could be a theme every month.
  4. Show the money. Present to your employees a few slides about the financial status of the organization every six months or at the end of each year. Show and explain to everyone that the consolidated efforts of each team player helped the company achieve a net income. Set achievable goals for the succeeding months. Make everyone involved in the planning and meeting the objectives of the company.
  5. Provide your employees learning and development opportunities. Set your own training plan for your employees so their growth and development are taken care of. Assess their preferences and needs. Create individual development plans. Provide classes that run for at least two hours, once or twice a week. Make the classes more rewarding and engaging.
  6. Set up your own recreational or mini office Olympics where everyone can have fun and loosen up after a toxic workday. Promote the benefits of living a healthy lifestyle and overall well-being in a competitive and fun way. Connect with your employees and develop camaraderie. Do not forget capturing these fun moments.
  7. Make employees look forward to the upcoming projects and new opportunities by creating excitement. Communicate regular updates to your staff. Get them excited about what is going to happen. You can do it during general assembly meetings, or through internal newsletters or face-to-face discussions.
  8. Come up with a coaching program for your people. Your role as a manager is crucial: You are the driver of your team. Coach them to make them feel that you really care about their growth and success. Align their personal goals with the strategy of the organization.
  9. Give back to the society. Any act of kindness creates a positive impact and a more optimistic mentality. It fosters loyalty and pride.

Transforming the theories to practice is a really challenge. Employee engagement is beyond application of new ideas to encourage engagement of employees. It also means you need to make your employees understand the vision, mission, core values, overall strategic directions of the company, and also their vital role in the attainment of these.

You need to be clear on the things you want to achieve in your company before you make a list of how you are going to make it possible. Your function as a manager is crucial in planning and defining employee engagement tactics. Keep in mind that whatever employee engagement activity you have, it should be aligned and related to the goals and overall strategy of the company.

Tips in Buying Movable Cubicles

If you find renting a moving truck for your planned transfer to another area very stressful, you can purchase movable cubicles to store your items from your house or office. These are portable storage containers that have various sizes and they can be as huge as semi-trailers or as small as 30 feet which is ideal for house use. This article will tell you about a few tips in purchasing these units.

Prior to buying portable storage unit, there are things to do first. Look for an area outside of your house where you can put this facility. It can be placed conveniently at the side, front or back of your house. As long as the property is yours, there will be no problem at all. There are a number of steps to take before buying a portable storage unit.

Base the size of your desired storage unit on how big is your house or business as well as the things you wish to store inside. These can be office supplies, appliances, furniture or outdoor items.

Call companies that offer movable cubicles in your locality and then get price estimates from them. List down all these companies and their corresponding prices and then compare each one of them. If the quotes do not meet your needs, go online and look for companies that can cater to your needs and are willing to do business with you.

Movable CubiclesAfter comparing all the quotes, determine which is suitable for your needs and then call the company for an appointment and for them to drop off your desired storage unit. You can use your credit card as payment so that should a problem arise, the credit card company would be able to help you with them just in case the movable storage unit company cannot solve them. Make sure to keep all documents and receipts so that you can call up the storage company should you desire for them to go to your house and get the unit back once you are through packing and loading it.

Know that you can also rent movable cubicles if you find buying one expensive. Just make sure to review the contract issued by the company before you sign it and make any payment.

These portable storage facilities have been built for various locations and purposes, thus making them versatile. You can use them to store your things or as an on-site office especially during certain projects. Many construction firms use them as offices in an area they are constructing something on.

When you move to another area, these storage units can be so useful because they are portable. You do not have to rent or lease fixed storage and then transport your things to another storage unit. A portable storage unit can be moved easily to your new destination.

Because movable cubicles are made from hard metal and steel and they may have a secure lockbox, your things shall be secure and protected. Natural calamities will not destroy them so your possessions remain clean, dry and unharmed. These containers remain sturdy from water and wind and they have thick doors that will keep away pests, dust and dirt.

When you rent movable cubicles, this is cheaper compared to the usual mini-storage units. The portable storage units are thirty to fifty percent less for every square foot compared to the fees for mini-storage units. You can save more money because the supplier of the container will deliver your things without you paying for additional mileage as well as rental fees on moving vans or trucks. This is also cheaper compared to renting garage space or a storage warehouse to store big things.

Organic Traffic With The Leading Charge of SEO Trumps All Other Forms of Traffic

Every single website in the world, no matter how big or small it is needs something. There’s one factor that you will not be able to escape, no matter what you’re doing, and that’s traffic. Web traffic is either going to flow through to your page or it’s going to go somewhere. There’s no in between here, you will either have people seeing your site or you will not. Trying to get attention for a page that you’ve published is not easy, and in fact, there are careers built on the marketing that is meant to influence the marketplace in nearly every arena. If you’re going to gain any sort of leverage online, you’re going to want to look into a variety of different areas of marketing that could help you, but amidst the most important ones, you’ll want to seek out help within the world of SEO, because it helps with organic traffic.

Defining Real Traffic

The first thing that you should know is simple, traffic is not the same across the board. There are some people that will sell you on the idea that you can easily get a lot of interest in your site through a variety of different elements, including paying for your influence. That may sound interesting, but you shouldn’t purchase hits straightway. The reason why you shouldn’t pay for it straightway is because the hits that you will get will be far from unique. Looking at the analytics of traffic generators and more, you’ll find that you can end up losing marketing collateral in a lot of different parameters. In fact, you’ll find that you will end up losing out because it’s 100% fake.

When you purchase hits from any major company, and this is not PPC, you will find that the hits generated will come from 1 source. They will be generated from either 1 URL or 1 IP address. This is a negative thing and will not help you gain any sort of influence at all. It’s important to understand that this is not going to change any time soon, and if you find a source that is going to give you hits, you’ll end up seeing that your pages will diminish in value as the “fake” traffic comes through.

As for “real” traffic solutions, you should understand that there are two sides to this coin. There is the paid solutions (PPC) which is not really traffic generation as much as it works with advertising, and then there’s SEO. Defining those two things can help you move forward with the right relationship to bring in organic hits, which is targeted beyond the aforementioned “fake” solution.

A Look At PPC

SEOPPC stands for pay per click. This is something that will help you in a lot of different arenas, but specifically will put your site and ads in front of millions of web users. When someone searches online for anything related to your niche, you’ll find that there are listed sites that come up amidst sponsored listings. Those sponsored listings are part of what PPC is and works within alongside search engines. The key here is in regards to what people are paying for, and the keywords that you’ve searched. If you click through the sponsored listings, you will go to a highly targeted site that has been set up by someone else. They’ll have to pay for the click, however, and it could be as little as a penny or as high as hundreds of dollars. That simplified solution is a way to get your advertising budget in a good measure forward to get traffic generation.

The hits generated from PPC are solid, targeted, and definitely worth looking into, but it’s going to cost you a pretty penny to trump some of the larger budgets that you’re going to have to look into. PPC stands for pay per click here. It’s not an easy thing to traverse in terms of marketing, and will definitely cause you a great deal of issue as you move forward. Pay per click is a good resource, but it should not be the only thing that you’re working within in terms of internet marketing.

The SEO Push (FREE)

In theory, SEO is free, and easy to use. However, it’s going to take a lot of time to not only implement but to see results. The time it takes to get a positive reaction from the parameters of search engine optimization is a long time. However, you could definitely make serious pushes forward and gain leverage in any niche if you’re working on it in a very unique manner. Whether you hire someone or you do it on your own, you’re going to end up gaining leverage through a variety of sources. The main thing here is to understand that optimization takes a cycle of influence that can put you directly in the line of search engines as they rank sites today.

The algorithms that search engines are using are sophisticated and will build the right traffic solution for you, but only if you comply with the slow moving pace that they demand. This is a matter of conjecture in many ways, which is why it’s recommended to hire a professional SEO firm, as they’ll help you gain serious traffic flow.